Knowledge for use



Flexibility, expertise, exam practice, and total commitment to clients


The OLQE is a LAW examination, and not merely a practice exam. In order to pass the OLQE, you must absorb large amounts of legal knowledge, use key legal skills to apply the law to answer typical examination questions, and give reasons for conclusions, citing cases, statutory provisions and relevant practical advice.

To accomplish this, you must become thoroughly familiar with areas of law which are almost completely new to you, such as Hong Kong Conveyancing, or which have peculiarities not encountered in your home jurisdiction.

All of this takes time. Finding the time to study is the major challenge for busy lawyers, especially given heavy and unpredictable workloads, and client demands. This is the main reason why we advise all of our clients to start studying as early as possible.

In order to help you to balance workloads and the time needed for study, we have taken pains to organise the materials to enable you to gain the necessary knowledge and skills as efficiently as possible. With this in mind, we provide you with 3 Files. File 1 sets out the core principles and authorities, including cases decided in the courts. File 2 contains Q & As. You will practice solving these problems using relevant law and authorities presented in File 1. You will be able to check your answers against those provided by Paul Kent Legal Training and set out in File 2.  The questions contained in File 2 include past examination questions and questions set by us. File 3 is a reference File, containing relevant Ordinances and other sources of law.

In working with these materials, we advise you to divide your study time into 3 study periods (‘phases’).

  1. Phase 1 – Knowledge acquisition

Phase 1, which you should commence as soon as possible, is the first stage of familiarization. During this period, candidates should carefully read the course notes prepared by Paul Kent specifically for the OLQE. These notes set out core principles and case summaries, using a structure that you may follow in writing examination answers.

Paul has also prepared a series of audio recordings for those who like to listen to a lecturer while studying. Note, however, that the written notes are the primary source materials.

You should read the relevant Parts/Topics in File 1, then move on to apply the law relating to that Topic by attempting to answer the questions in File 2. Having done that, you may check your understanding with ours by viewing ‘suggested solutions’ in File 2.

Please note that it is not a good idea to read all of the Topics before you go on to try to sole the problems in File 2. This is not efficient. Ideally, you should complete one Topic before moving on to the next Topic, drawing a line under that Topic with some phrase such as ‘Got it!’ to suggest that you know and understand the relevant law, and can apply it to new situations.

  1. Phase 2 – Application

In order to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the relevant subject matter, you must apply substantive and procedural law, and give relevant practical advice, to deal effectively with problems raised by carefully crafted factual situations. Application is therefore the key skill in law examinations. But, like all skills, it needs to be learned and practised. This is what we focus on in Phase 2, and review in the revision sessions (‘Phase 3’).

In Phase 2, you learn how to answer typical examination questions, have the opportunity to review your knowledge, and reflect upon what you need to do to improve performance.

We work on a wide range of problem questions on key Topics in each syllabus.

You will receive a selection of suggested solutions to past examination questions, to show you how to set out answers to examination questions.

Note that Phase 2 begins as soon as you have read a Part/Topic in File 1 and move on to attempt to answer questions in File 2. The earlier you start, the better your chances of remembering and being able to recall relevant law.

  1. Phase 3 – Revision

Phase 3 enables you to assess the extent to which you have comprehended relevant subject matter and acquired the necessary examination skills.

Revision takes place throughout the course. Thus, you may review a Topic as soon as you have completed it by discussing issues with Paul Kent. But there is also an opportunity to revise the whole subject by taking the Mock Exam, a ‘take home’ exam which you may do in your own time but under exam conditions. You are strongly advised to sit the Mock. If you do, you will get individual feedback. However, all candidates will receive full answers to the Mock questions, whether or not they attempt the Mock.

Obviously you will need to complete Phase 3 no later than the day before the relevant examination.

Finally I wish to remind you that you can contact Paul Kent at any time on but send one question at a time if you want a quick response!